A brief look at the first genocide of the 20th century the armenian genocide

What was the Armenian Genocide? This is one of the most frequently asked questions about the atrocities of that killed 1.

A brief look at the first genocide of the 20th century the armenian genocide

Facebook This is the first genocide of the 20th century, when Turkey wiped out the people who lived in the shadow of Ararat for 3, years. Turks have questioned the validity of this picture, because of the lack of evidence that could guarantee the time and place where the photograph was taken.

Neither Armenians managed to answer to all those questions, but indications show that the picture represents a Turkish dignitary sadistically showing a piece of bread to the bony Armenian children. At least, that's what's written on the back side of one of the picture's copies.

The only thing that's sure is that the picture is not a product of technical treatment, as Turks claim. Someone could find copies of this picture in USA's Universities and Libraries, so it couldn't be just a propaganda. Besides, there are hundred of photos that prove what Turks did to Armenians in the beginning of last century.

Let's remember - or, most of us, learn - what happened in the territory of the Ottoman Empire, before Turkey, as we know it today, was created. Armenians hadn't had a homeland for centuries. The territories of their ancestors belonged to the Ottoman and Persian Empire.

InRussia occupied the land that was under the Persian Empire the east and smaller part. The rest of the land still belonged to the Ottoman Empire. After the war between Russians and Turks ended inRussia asked for reforms in favor of the Armenians.

Armenians who lived in Istanbul, at first benefited from these reforms, known as Tanzimat. However, these privileges were still unknown for Armenians of the East, who were still under the Turkish yoke.

A brief look at the first genocide of the 20th century the armenian genocide

On the other hand, Ottoman Empire had already lost most of its land in the Balkans and it feared that it would also lose west Armenia. So, a new perception arose in state affairs; a perception that could solve the Armenian Issue by wiping out Armanians entirely!

In the years of the sultan Abdul Hamid, massacres were a regular phenomenon. After Young Turks took over, the genocide began. It lasted from until Young Turks believed that by killing all Armenians, they could ensure the homogeneity of the Empire's population and that Turkification could spread everywhere.

During this period of time, the Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople had estimated the Armenian population of Turkey in 2, people. Three members of the government, Mehmed Talaat, interior minister in and prime minister inIsmail Enver, minister of war and Ahmet Cemal, military commander in Syria, used to control the government and instruct the genocide.

Commands sent to the governors for the uprooting of Armenians had their signatures upon them. Inon the 12th of February, Armenian public servants were fired. The Turkish authorities ordered the immediate demobilization and disarmament of Armenian soldiers.

On 25 FebruaryEnver Pasha sent an order to all military units that Armenians in the active Ottoman forces be demobilized and assigned to the unarmed Labour battalion. On the night of 23—24 Aprilknown as Red Sunday, the Ottoman government rounded up and imprisoned an estimated Armenian intellectuals and community leaders of the Ottoman capital, Constantinople, and later those in other centers, who were moved to two holding centers near Ankara.

This date coincided with Allied troop landings at Gallipoli after unsuccessful Allied naval attempts to break through the Dardanelles to Constantinople in February and March Following the passage of Tehcir Law on 29 Maythe Armenian leaders, except for the few who were able to return to Constantinople, were gradually deported and assassinated.This is the first genocide of the 20th century, when Turkey wiped out the people who lived in the shadow of Ararat for 3, years.

Turks have questioned the validity of this picture, because of the lack of evidence that could guarantee the time and place where the photograph was taken. The British East India Company first got revenue collecting rights in Bengal in Between and , the British trebled the tax revenue in Bengal.

Early 20th century Victims of Armenian genocide.

A brief look at the first genocide of the 20th century the armenian genocide

Rwandan genocide skulls Greek genocide victims Victims of The Holocaust in the Independent State of Croatia.

Sometimes called the first genocide of the twentieth century, the Armenian genocide refers to the physical annihilation of Armenian Christian people living in the Ottoman Empire from spring through autumn There were approximately million Armenians living in the multiethnic Ottoman Empire in Today marks the year anniversary of the Armenian genocide.

Media coverage has focused on the refusal of Turkey to acknowledge the genocide. It is indisputable Ottoman Turks carried out genocide against the Armenians in But the oft-repeated assertion that it was the first genocide of the.

The Armenian Genocide is one of history's best-known genocides. It began in , and before it was over, an estimated million Armenians were dead [source: Armenian National Institute].

Though the exact figure is a matter of debate -- in incidents where vast numbers of people are killed.

The first genocide of the 20th Century occurred when two million Armenians living in Turkey were eliminated from their historic homeland through forced deportations and massacres.

For three thousand years, a thriving Armenian community had existed inside the vast region of the Middle East bordered by the Black, Mediterranean and Caspian Seas.

Genocide: twentieth-century warnings for the twenty-first century | History and Policy