Abstract US suicide rates have declined in recent years, reversing earlier trends. We examined suicide rates among 4 age groups from to and the factors that may have contributed to the decline.
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Planners have reviewed content to ensure there is no bias. CDC does not accept commercial support. Stone, ScD1; Thomas R. Simon, PhD1; Katherine A.
Fowler, PhD1; Scott R. Holland, PhD1; Asha Z. Innearly 45, persons died by suicide in the United States.
Mental health conditions are one of several contributors to suicide. What is added by this report? Relationship, substance use, health, and job or financial problems are among the other circumstances contributing to suicide.
What are the implications for public health practice? Examining state-level trends in suicide and the multiple circumstances contributing to it can inform comprehensive state suicide prevention planning. Data from the National Violent Death Reporting System, covering 27 states inwere used to examine contributing circumstances among decedents with and without known mental health conditions.
Rates increased significantly among males and females in 34 and 43 states, respectively. Fifty-four percent of decedents in 27 states in did not have a known mental health condition.
Suicide rates increased significantly across most states during — Various circumstances contributed to suicides among persons with and without known mental health conditions. Implications for Public Health Practice: States can use a comprehensive evidence-based public health approach to prevent suicide risk before it occurs, identify and support persons at risk, prevent reattempts, and help friends and family members in the aftermath of a suicide.
Top Introduction Innearly 45, suicides Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death and is one of just three leading causes that are increasing 1,4. Such a comprehensive approach underscores that suicide is rarely caused by any single factor, but rather, is determined by multiple factors.
Despite this call to action, suicide prevention largely focuses on identifying and referring suicidal persons to mental health treatment and preventing reattempts 6. In addition to mental health conditions and prior suicide attempts, other contributing circumstances include social and economic problems, access to lethal means e.
To assist states in achieving this goal, CDC analyzed state-specific trends in suicide rates and assessed the multiple contributing factors to suicide; this report presents options for strategies to include in comprehensive suicide prevention efforts that are based on the best available evidence.
Age-specific suicide counts were tabulated based on National Vital Statistics System coded death certificate records International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, underlying-cause-of death codes X60—X84, Y Age-specific population estimates were obtained from U. National and state-level suicide rate estimates were calculated for six consecutive 3-year aggregate periods spanning — —; —; —; —; —; and — Rate estimates were age-adjusted to the U.
Age-adjusted suicide rate trends were modeled using the same 3-year data aggregates, employing weighted least-squares regression with inverse-variance weighting. Modeled rate trends are reported in terms of average annual percentage changes.
NVDRS aggregates data from three primary data sources: A range of circumstances relationship problems, life stressors, and recent or impending crises have been identified as potential risk factors for suicide in NVDRS.
Decedents could have experienced multiple circumstances.Preliminary versions of economic research. Did Consumers Want Less Debt? Consumer Credit Demand Versus Supply in the Wake of the Financial Crisis. Apr 22, · Suicide has increased in almost every age group over the past 15 years.
Suicide Rates Climb In U.S., Especially Among Adolescent Girls. The following are lists of countries by suicide rate according to data from the World Health Organization (WHO) and other sources.. A country's rank is determined by its age-adjusted total rate (per , population) of deaths officially recorded as suicides in the most recent available year.
The WHO statistics are based on the official reports from each respective country, therefore no more. Suicide rates have also increased among persons in all age groups per , persons  to per , ) and the greatest number of suicides (,) during the same period (1,3).
Besides economic woes, some experts point to the heightened divorce rate among men in this age-range. Whether married or single, women tend to open up to friends and family about their troubles. Get the latest news and analysis in the stock market today, including national and world stock market news, business news, financial news and more.