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The link to the original is found here. Until Galileo forced the issue into the realm of theology, the Church had been a willing ombudsman for the new astronomy. It had, for example, encouraged the work of both Copernicus and sheltered Kepler against the persecutions of Calvinists.
Despite the fact that there was no clear proof for heliocentrism at the time, Galileo was intent on ramming Copernicus down the throat of Christendom. Eventually Cardinal Robert Bellarmine challenged Galileo to prove his theory or stop pestering the Church. In spite of the warning, Galileo persisted in promoting the theory as fact.
Nevertheless, his crusade would not have ended in the offices of the Inquisition had he possessed a modicum of discretion, not to say charity. Galileo used exaggerated caricature, insult, and ridicule to make those still holding to the Ptolemaic system look ridiculous.
It was a conflict that ought never to have occurred, because faith and science, properly understood, can never be at odds. In fact, as Stanley Jaki and others have argued, it was the metaphysical framework of medieval Catholicism which made modern science possible in the first place.
It is, in Newman's phrase, the one stock argument used to show that science and Catholic dogma are antagonistic. Even many intelligent Catholics would prefer that the whole sorry affair be swept under a rug. Inhe expressed the wish that the Pontifical Academy of Sciences conduct an in-depth study of the celebrated case.
A commission of scholars was convened, and they presented their report to the Pope on October 31, Contrary to reports in The New York Times and other conduits of misinformation about the Church, the Holy See was not on this occasion finally throwing in the towel and admitting that the earth revolves around the sun.
That particular debate, so far as the Church was concerned, had been closed since at least when Benedict XIV bid the Holy Office grant an imprimatur to the first edition of the Complete Works of Galileo.
What John Paul II wanted was a better understanding of the whole affair by both scientists and theologians. It has been said that while politicians think in terms of weeks and statesmen in years, the Pope thinks in centuries.
The Holy Father was trying to heal the tragic split between faith and science which occurred in the 17th century and from which Western culture has not recovered.
Following the guidelines of the Second Vatican Council, he wished to make clear that science has a legitimate freedom in its own sphere and that this freedom was unduly violated by Church authorities in the case of Galileo. In this perspective, the Galileo case was the symbol of the Church's supposed rejection of scientific progress.
A close look at the facts puts to rout almost every aspect of the reigning Galileo legend. It had encouraged the work of Copernicus and sheltered Kepler against the persecutions of Calvinists. Problems only arose when the debate went beyond the mere question of celestial mechanics. But here we need some historical background.
Actually, the notion is at least as old as the ancient Greeks.
But the geocentric theory, endorsed by Aristotle and given mathematical plausibility by Ptolemy, was the prevailing model until Copernicus. It was given additional credibility by certain passages of Scripture, which seemed to affirm the mobility of the sun and the fixity of the earth. Most early Church Fathers simply took it for granted; but they weren't really interested in scientific explanations of the cosmos.
But it meant no such thing. To the Greek and medieval mind, science was a kind of formalism, a means of coordinating data, which had no bearing on the ultimate reality of things. The point was to give order to complicated data, and all that mattered was which hypothesis a key word in the Galileo affair was the simplest and most convenient.
Astronomy and mathematics were regarded as the play things of virtuosi.Essay Life of Galileo Scene 7 Life of Galileo, Scene 7: Brecht delineates the important episodes of the life of Galileo Galilei.
The main matter of his life was the conflict between him and the Church. "[Yet] from this mess emerged not only a sharp, disruptive scholar but this smart, delightful book This book’s energizing discovery is that sometimes those wielding such power are not the usual suspects, such as Big Brother or Big Business, but self-appointed guardians of the nonpowerful.
Cleopatra's Nose: Essays on the Unexpected [Daniel J. Boorstin] on timberdesignmag.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The Pulitzer Prize-winning author of The Discoverers demonstrates the truth behind the aphorism that if Cleopatra's nose had been shorter. PRIMO, the largest independent national magazine for and about Italian Americans, provides quality journalism on Italian American history, heritage, and achievements.
PRIMO discusses topics of importance to Italian Americans with articles on Italian art, language, travel, food, and wine. [tags: The Life of Galileo Bertolt Brecht Essays] Better Essays words ( pages) Galileo Galilei Essay - Galileo Galilei was born in Pisa, Italy on February 15, and was named after his ancestor Galileo Bonaiuti who was a physician, professor, and politician.
His parents were Giulia Ammannati and Vincenzo Galilei, a famous lutenist.
The Galileo affair (Italian: il processo a Galileo Galilei) was a sequence of events, beginning around , culminating with the trial and condemnation of Galileo Galilei by the Roman Catholic Inquisition in for his support of heliocentrism.. In , Galileo published his Sidereus Nuncius (Starry Messenger), describing the surprising observations that he had made with the new telescope.