How memory impairment can affect the ability of an individual with dementia to use verbal language

Select Page Describe how memory impairment can affect the ability of an individual with dementia to use verbal language Dem Understand and Enable Interaction and Communication with Individuals with Dementia 1. Dementia can make people forget words and even confuse some words with others causing confusion and other people cannot always understand them.

How memory impairment can affect the ability of an individual with dementia to use verbal language

Mild cognitive impairment Mild cognitive impairment MCI is a condition in which people face memory problems more often than that of the average person their age. Symptoms often include misplacing items, forgetting events or appointments, and having trouble finding words. While MCI patients had a lower performance in this task than the control group, AD patients performed worse overall.

The abilities of MCI patients stood out, however, due to the ability to provide examples to make up for their difficulties. AD patients failed to use any compensatory strategies and therefore exhibited the difference in use of episodic memory and executive functioning.

The ability to encode new memories of events or facts and working memory shows decline in both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies.

Knowing the source and context of information can be extremely important in daily decision-making, so this is one way in which memory decline can affect the lives of the elderly. Therefore, reliance on political stereotypes is one way to use their knowledge about the sources when making judgments, and the use of metacognitive knowledge gains importance.

The interconnections in the lobes are presumed to enable distinct aspects of memory, whereas the effects of gray matter lesions have been extensively studied, less is known about the interconnecting fiber tracts.

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In aging, degradation of white matter structure has emerged as an important general factor, further focusing attention on the critical white matter connections.

Exercise affects many people young and old. For the young if exercise is introduced it can form a constructive habit that can be instilled throughout adulthood.

This can include knowledge about context, events or items. The ability to bind pieces of information together with their episodic context in a coherent whole has been reduced in the elderly population. This is tied to damage to their semantic network, which stores knowledge of meanings and understandings.

One phenomenon, known as "Senior Moments", is a memory deficit that appears to have a biological cause. When an older adult is interrupted while completing a task, it is likely that the original task at hand can be forgotten.

Studies have shown that the brain of an older adult does not have the ability to re-engage after an interruption and continues to focus on the particular interruption unlike that of a younger brain.

Memory and aging - Wikipedia

A biological explanation for memory deficits in aging includes a postmortem examination of five brains of elderly people with better memory than average. However, a similar amount of amyloid plaque was found. Sequential performance refers to the execution of a series steps needed to complete a routine, such as the steps required to make a cup of coffee or drive a car.

A recent study [21] examined how young and older adults differ in the underlying representation of a sequence of tasks and their efficiency at retrieving the information needed to complete their routine. Findings from this study revealed that when older and young adults had to remember a sequence of 8 animal images arranged in a fixed order, both age groups spontaneously used the organizational strategy of chunking to facilitate retrieval of information.

However, older adults were slower at accessing each chunk compared to younger adults, and were better able to benefit from the use of memory aids, such as verbal rehearsal to remember the order of the fixed sequence.

Causes[ edit ] Memory lapses can be both aggravating and frustrating but they are due to the overwhelming amount of information that is being taken in by the brain.

Issues in memory can also be linked to several common physical and psychological causes, such as: Taking care of your body and mind with appropriate medicationdoctoral check-ups, and daily mental and physical exercise can prevent some of these memory issues.

A traumatic life event, such as the death of a spousecan lead to changes in lifestyle and can leave an elderly person feeling unsure of themselves, sad, and lonely.

Dealing with such drastic life changes can therefore leave some people confused or forgetful. While in some cases these feelings may fade, it is important to take these emotional problems seriously.

By emotionally supporting a struggling relative and seeking help from a doctor or counselorthe forgetfulness can be improved. The supporting research in this test, after controlling for sex, education, and other health-related issues, show that greater age was associated with lower hit and greater false alarm rates, and also a more liberal bias response on recognition tests.

This can be attributed to the inhibition effect. Inhibition caused participants to take longer time in recalling or recognizing an item, and also subjected the participants to make more frequent errors. For instance, in a study using metaphors as the test subject, older participants rejected correct metaphors more often than literally false statements.

There have been various theories offered to explain why these changes may occur, which include fewer attentional resources, slower speed of processing, less capacity to hold information, and lack of inhibitory control.

All of these theories offer strong arguments, and it is likely that the decline in working memory is due to the problems cited in all of these areas. Some theorists argue that the capacity of working memory decreases as we age, and we are able to hold less information.

This means that older individuals are less capable of dividing their attention between two tasks, and thus tasks with higher attentional demands are more difficult to complete due to a reduction in mental energy. Working memory tasks often involve divided attention, thus they are more likely to strain the limited resources of aging individuals.

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As a result of various studies he has completed examining this topic, Salthouse argues that as we age our speed of processing information decreases significantly. It is this decrease in processing speed that is then responsible for our inability to use working memory efficiently as we age.How does memory impairment affect verbal language - How does memory impairment affect the ability of an individual with dementia to use verbal language?

Many ways. Comprehension of verbal language requires that the left temporal language areas are intact. Declarative memory that is not autobiographical or emotional charged requires an intact left temporal lobe (hippocampus and related structures.

Sep 24,  · individual s with dementia can find it hard to hold a conversation as the memory starts to decline where word finding may become really hard and frustrate a person, as they try to get what they need across especially if the individual knows what they need and can not voice Resolved.

How memory impairment can affect the ability of an individual with dementia to use verbal language

You are here: Home > About Dementia About Dementia. Patients with Dementia1 can have difficulties with cognitive functions such as memory, language, reasoning, planning, recognising, or identifying people or objects.. This decline is beyond what might be expected from normal aging.

Dementia can eventually impair the ability to carry out everyday activities such as driving, household chores. Other factors that may influence an individual’s ability to communicate and interact e.g.: medication, anxiety, frustration, confusion, the environment, others’ understanding, illness, mental health, learning disability, sensory loss How memory impairment may affect the ability of an individual with dementia to use verbal language e.g.

Describe how memory impairment can affect the ability of an individual with dementia to use verbal language. In individuals who have dementia, memory impairment can make verbal communication through language difficult as dementia can cause most individuals to forget words and confuse some words with others creating confusion/5(1).

If a person with dementia is living in a hospital or care setting, any problems they have communicating can affect the care and support they receive. Alzheimer's Society produces a document called 'This is me' which can give information about a person, including how they like to communicate, any difficulties they have, and how care and support.

Speech and language impairment - Wikipedia