Bibliography Capital Letters Capital letters are not really an aspect of punctuation, but it is convenient to deal with them here. The rules for using them are mostly very simple. The bumbling wizard Rincewind is Pratchett's most popular character.
Ascenders as in "h" and descenders as in "p" make the height of lower-case letters vary. There is more variation in the height of the minuscules, as some of them have parts higher ascenders or lower descenders than the typical size. In addition, with old-style numerals still used by some traditional or classical fonts, 6 and 8 make up the ascender set, and 3, 4, 5, 7 and 9 the descender set.
Bicameral script[ edit ] This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.
Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. April Handwritten Cyrillic script Writing systems using two separate cases are bicameral scripts. Other bicameral scripts, which are not used for any modern languages, are Old Hungarian ,[ citation needed ] Glagoliticand Deseret.
The Georgian alphabet has several variants, and there were attempts to use them as different cases, but the modern written Georgian language does not distinguish case.
Many other writing systems make no distinction between majuscules and minuscules — a system called unicameral script or unicase. This includes most syllabic and other non-alphabetic scripts. In scripts with a case distinction, lower case is generally used for the majority of text; capitals are used for capitalisation and emphasis.
Acronyms and particularly initialisms are often written in all-capsdepending on various factors. Capitalization Capitalisation is the writing of a word with its first letter in uppercase and the remaining letters in lowercase.
Capitalisation rules vary by language and are often quite complex, but in most modern languages that have capitalisation, the first word of every sentence is capitalised, as are all proper nouns.
Capital letters are used as the first letter of a sentence, a proper noun, or a proper adjective. The names of the days of the week and the names of the months are also capitalised, as are the first-person pronoun "I"  and the interjection "O" although the latter is uncommon in modern usage, with "oh" being preferred.
There are a few pairs of words of different meanings whose only difference is capitalisation of the first letter. Honorifics and personal titles showing rank or prestige are capitalised when used together with the name of the person for example, "Mr.
Smith", "Bishop O'Brien", "Professor Moore" or as a direct address, but normally not when used alone and in a more general sense. Other words normally start with a lower-case letter. There are, however, situations where further capitalisation may be used to give added emphasis, for example in headings and publication titles see below.
In some traditional forms of poetry, capitalisation has conventionally been used as a marker to indicate the beginning of a line of verse independent of any grammatical feature.
Other languages vary in their use of capitals. For example, in German all nouns are capitalised this was previously common in English as well, mainly in the 17th and 18th centurieswhile in Romance and most other European languages the names of the days of the week, the names of the months, and adjectives of nationality, religion and so on normally begin with a lower-case letter.
Informal communication, such as textinginstant messaging or a handwritten sticky notemay not bother to follow the conventions concerning capitalisation, but that is because its users usually do not expect it to be formal.
In a similar manner, the Latin upper-case letter " S " used to have two different lower-case forms: The latter form, called the long sfell out of general use before the middle of the 19th century, except for the countries that continued to use Blackletter typefaces such as Fraktur.
When Blackletter type fell out of general use in the midth century, even those countries dropped the long s. Typographical conventions in mathematical formulae include the use of Greek letters and the use of Latin letters with special formatting such as blackboard bold and blackletter.
Letters of the Arabic alphabet and some jamo of the Korean hangul have different forms for initial or final placement, but these rules are strict and the different forms cannot be used for emphasis.
In Georgiansome authors use isolated letters from the ancient Asomtavruli alphabet within a text otherwise written in the modern Mkhedruli in a fashion that is reminiscent of the usage of upper-case letters in the Latin, Greek, and Cyrillic alphabets.Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper case (also uppercase, capital letters, capitals, caps, large letters, or more formally majuscule) and smaller lower case (also lowercase, small letters, or more formally minuscule) in the written representation of certain timberdesignmag.com writing systems that distinguish between the upper and lower case.
Students will learn to recognize the capital letters of the alphabet when seeing the letters in print. Students will learn how to write the capital letters of the alphabet with the help of musical rhymes. Capitalisation in English, in terms of the general orthographic rules independent of context (e.g.
title vs. heading vs. text), is universally standardised for formal writing. Capital letters are used as the first letter of a sentence, a proper noun, or a proper adjective. On Wikipedia, most acronyms are written in all capital letters (such as NATO, BBC, and JPEG).Wikipedia does not follow the practice of distinguishing between acronyms and timberdesignmag.com not write acronyms that are pronounced as if they were a word with an initial capital letter only, e.g.
do not write UNESCO as Unesco, or NASA as Nasa..
Some acronyms (mostly trademarks like Yahoo! and . Capital Letters. Capital letters are not really an aspect of punctuation, but it is convenient to deal with them here. The rules for using them are mostly very simple.
When to Use Capital Letters Rule 1: To Start a Sentence. There are no exceptions to this rule. This means that, after a full stop, you always use a capital letter. If the previous sentence ends with a question mark or exclamation mark, you should also use a capital .