Who is the audience? Is it effectively written for that audience?
Sumerian clay tabletcurrently housed in the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicagoinscribed with the text of the poem Inanna and Ebih by the priestess Enheduannathe first author whose name is known  Clay tablets were used in Mesopotamia in the 3rd millennium BC. The calamus, an instrument in the form of a triangle, was used to make characters in moist clay.
People used to use fire to dry the tablets out. At Ninevehover 20, tablets were found, dating from the 7th century BC; this was the archive and library of the kings of Assyriawho had workshops of copyists and conservationists at their disposal.
This presupposes a degree of organization with respect to books, consideration given to conservation, classification, etc. Tablets were used right up until the 19th century in various parts of the world, including Germany, Chile, Philippines and the Saharan Desert.
Cuneiform was used by those who spoke multiple languages. Clay tablets were used to distribute information through writing and document events. Sumerian writing eventually evolved and new forms of writings were developed. History of Publishing[ edit ] Civilization has been heavily influenced by pieces of writing.
Industries of publishing are seen as being responsible for the spread of cultural material. The book trade emerged and soon enough there was a literary history in the making. Papyrus Egyptian Papyrus After extracting the marrow from the stems of Papyrus reed, a series of steps humidification, pressing, drying, gluing, and cutting produced media of variable quality, the best being used for sacred writing.
The script of Egyptian scribes was called hieraticor sacerdotal writing; it is not hieroglyphicbut a simplified form more adapted to manuscript writing hieroglyphs usually being engraved or painted.
Papyrus books were in the form of a scroll of several sheets pasted together, for a total length of 10 meters or more. Some books, such as the history of the reign of Ramses IIIwere over 40 meters long.
Books rolled out horizontally; the text occupied one side, and was divided into columns. The title was indicated by a label attached to the cylinder containing the book. Many papyrus texts come from tombs, where prayers and sacred texts were deposited such as the Book of the Deadfrom the early 2nd millennium BC.
East Asia[ edit ] A Chinese bamboo book Before the introduction of books, writing on boneshells, wood and silk was prevalent in China long before the 2nd century BC, until paper was invented in China around the 1st century AD.
The format of the book evolved with intermediate stages of scrolls folded concertina -style, scrolls bound at one edge "butterfly books" and so on. Although there is no exact date known, between and AD—The period of the Tang Dynasty—the first printing of books started in China.
This process was incredibly time-consuming.
These were thought to have existed since the time of the Classical Period between the 3rd and 8th centuries, CE. Many of these codices were thought to contain astrological information, religious calendars, knowledge about the gods, genealogies of the rulers, cartographic information, and tribute collection.
How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. Get help writing your Reading Response essay. See this sample paper and tips for how to write your essay. Part I: Introduction--What inspired my argumentative response? For decades, too many high-school teachers have been instilling persuasive writing skills by teaching students the five-paragraph essay.
Many of these codices were stored in temples but were ultimately destroyed by the Spanish explorers. The Maya, along with several other cultures in Mesoamericaconstructed concertina-style books written on Amatl paper.
Nearly all Mayan texts were destroyed by the Spanish during colonization on cultural and religious grounds. One of the few surviving examples is the Dresden Codex. Florentine Codex[ edit ] There are more than 2, illustrations drawn by native artists that represent this era.
The Florentine Codex speaks about the culture religious cosmology and ritual practices, society, economics, and natural history of the Aztec people. The manuscript are arranged in both the Nahuatl language and in Spanish.
The English translation of the complete Nahuatl text of all twelve volumes of the Florentine Codex took ten years. Anderson and Charles Dibble had a decade of long work but made it an important contribution to Mesoamerican ethnohistory. Years later, inthe Mexican government published a full-color volume of the Florentine Codex.How to write a reader response paper Prof.
Margaret O’Mara What a reader response paper is: A critical essay that tells the reader what a historical monograph (book) means to you. Your introduction should include a concise, one sentence, focused thesis.
This is the focused statement of your reaction/response. More information on thesis statements is available.
The body should contain paragraphs that provide support for your thesis. Each paragraph should contain one idea. Writing a Response or Reaction Paper Each semester, you will probably be asked by at least one instructor to read a book or an article (or watch a TV show or a film) and to write a paper recording your response or reaction to the material.
How to Write an Outline for a Research Paper. Writing an outline for a research paper can seem like a time consuming task, and you may not understand the value of it if you have never written one before. Outlines can help you structure. Place a ‘write my paper’ order and feel free to hire our experts now!
We are here to write your term paper, research paper and even dissertation and save your time and efforts. The history of books starts with the development of writing, and various other inventions such as paper and printing, and continues through to the modern day business of book timberdesignmag.com earliest history of books actually predates what would conventionally be called "books" today and begins with tablets, scrolls, and sheets of timberdesignmag.com hand-bound, expensive, and elaborate books known as.