Introduction There was a time, when nations felt fortunate if their national boundaries were marked by bodies of water. This sense seemed to be proportionate to the expanse, depth, and length of the body of water marking the national territory. Knowing that water is not the natural habitat of humans, the nations, particularly with marine boundaries, felt a sense of security because traversing the expanse of oceans would have been a daunting task. However, with the progress of civilization, floating vessels appeared on the watery expanses and advances in marine navigation and engineering transformed the vessels from wind dependent sailboats to steam propelled ships.
Moreover, set against land-based industry, shipping is, overall, a comparatively minor contributor to marine pollution from human activities.
However, as the custodian of the International Convention for the prevention of pollution of the sea by oil OILPOL Conventionthe Organization, soon after it began functioning inassumed responsibility for pollution issues and subsequently has, over many years, adopted a wide range of measures to prevent and control pollution caused by ships and to mitigate the effects of any damage that may occur as a result of maritime operations and accidents.
|Search form||The Marine Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China Adopted at the 24th Session of the Standing Committee of the Fifth National People's Congress on August 23, and effective as of March 1,and revised at the 13th Session of the Standing Committee of the Ninth National People's Congress on December 25, Chapter 1 General Provisions Article 1 This law is formulated for the purposes of protecting and improving the marine environment, conserving marine resources, preventing pollution damages, maintaining ecological balance, safeguarding human health and promoting sustainable economic and social development Article 2 This law shall apply to the internal water, territorial sea, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf of the People's Republic of China and any other sea areas under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China. Any units and individuals engaging in navigation, exploration, exploitation, production, tourism, scientific research and other operations in the sea areas under the jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China, or engaging in activities in the coastal areas which have impact on the marine environment shall be subject to this law.|
|Recommended For You||The University Studies degree format was created to provide students the flexibility to combine areas of study within either or both campuses that are of special interest. This flexibility may be attractive to students who have particular career paths or post-baccalaureate degree paths in mind.|
|Institute of Marine and Environmental Law||As a matter of fact, it is a combination of two conventions. The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, adopted inwas the first.|
These measures have been shown to be successful in reducing ship-sourced pollution and illustrate the commitment of the Organization and the shipping industry towards protecting the environment. Of the 51 treaty instruments for the regulation of international shipping IMO has adopted so far, 21 are directly environment-related.
The original focus of its work was the prevention of marine pollution by oil, resulting in the adoption of the first ever comprehensive antipollution convention, the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships MARPOL in This has changed over the last few decades to include a much wider range of measures to prevent marine pollution, and the original MARPOL Convention was amended many times to also include requirements addressing pollution from chemicals, other harmful substances, garbage, sewage and, under an Annex VI adopted inair pollution and emissions from ships.
Its objective is to promote the effective control of all sources of marine pollution and to take all practicable steps to prevent pollution of the sea by dumping of wastes and other matter. Many developing countries cannot yet give full and complete effect to these instruments, for various reasons.
Assisting these countries in working towards sustainable socio-economic development and enhancement of marine environment protection will ultimately result in cleaner waters and coasts, increased tourism, greater access to protein through improved and uncontaminated fish catches and integrated coastal zone management.Contemporary Marine Environmental Law and Policy presents a thorough appraisal of the main issues, actors and institutions engaged in the legal aspects of marine environmental conservation.
With contributions from an international range of authors, the book provides a concise account of the legal and policy framework underlying international.
A University Studies major will be considered a student in the department that offers the concentration; the Marine Environmental Law and Policy concentration is housed in the Liberal Studies department. The original focus of its work was the prevention of marine pollution by oil, resulting in the adoption of the first ever comprehensive antipollution convention, the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) in Students of the Marine & Environmental Law program (MELP) are eligible for prizes, bursaries and scholarships specific to their studies.
INTERNATIONAL LAW AND INSTITUTIONS – International Law and the Protection of the Marine Environment - Howard S. Schiffman ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) section discusses some of these events and provides a context for the development of the evolution of modern international marine conservation.
INTERNATIONAL LAW AND INSTITUTIONS – International Law and the Protection of the Marine Environment - Howard S. Major Developments in the International Law of Marine Environmental Conservation The .