Reasons[ edit ] Vietnam War protesters in Wichita, Kansas, The draft, a system of conscription that mainly drew from minorities and lower and middle class whites, drove much of the protest after
It extends about 1, miles from southern China southward to the Gulf of Thailand. It is bordered on the west by Laos and Cambodia and on the east by the south China Sea.
At the center of the "S," Vietnam is less than 30 miles wide. The northern and southern parts of the country are somewhat wider, with the north reaching a maximum width of miles. This southeast Asian nation has a population of about 75 million people. The ethnic Vietnamese, who make up nearly 90 percent of the population, are thought to be descendants of peoples who migrated into the Red River Delta of northern Vietnam from southern China.
There are also about three million members of mountain tribes, found mainly in the Central Highlands and in the Annamese Cordillera mountain chain in the north; about two million ethnic Chinese, most of whom live in large cities; aboutKhmer, or ethnic Cambodians; and about 50, Cham, descendants of a Malayo-Polynesian people who dominated the area that is now southern Vietnam before the arrival of the Vietnamese.
Most Vietnamese practice the mutually compatible religions of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism. About three million are Catholics, concentrated in the southern part of the country. About one million practice the Cao Dai religion and about one million belong to the Hoa Hao sect.
The number of Protestants is small, and they are mostly found among the tribesmen of the mountains, where American and European missionaries were active until recently. Almost all of the Cham are Muslims. The country's official language is Vietnamese and the capital city is Hanoi.
The official flag is red with a large yellow star in the center, but many Vietnamese Americans object to this flag, viewing it as an emblem of the communist government. They identify instead with the flag of former South Vietnam, which is yellow with three horizontal red stripes in the center.
The first known historical records of the Viets in the Red River Delta of what is now northern Vietnam were written by the Chinese in the second century B. Vietnamese archaeologists have traced their civilization back even further, to the Phung-Nguyen culture that existed before B.
While the village constituted the basis of rural Vietnamese folk culture, many of the nation's formal institutions were introduced from the great neighbor to the north, China. Even the name of the country is derived from Chinese: As the Chinese empire of the Han dynasty extended its control over the area to the south, the Viets accepted Chinese administrative designations for their territory and the local rulers were redefined as prefectural and district officers.
Despite some early rebellions against Chinese rule one in particular was instigated by the Trung sisters, who remain Vietnamese national heroes for their struggles against the Chinese in the first century A.
Despite the adoption of Chinese forms of government, Chinese written characters, and Chinese-style Buddhism, the Vietnamese have continued to be wary of their powerful neighbor.
Until the fifteenth century, the Vietnamese occupied only the northern part of what we now know as Vietnam. The southern portion constituted the empire of the Cham, Champa, and part of the Khmer, or Cambodian, territory. Byhowever, under the rulers of the Le dynasty modeled after the Chinese "emperors"Vietnam succeeded in conquering almost the whole of Champa.
This success not only brought the newly enlarged country into conflict with the Khmers, but it also gave the country its present elongated shape, wide at the top and bottom and exceedingly narrow in the middle where the mountains that run down its center approach the sea coast.
This geographical feature, often described as two heads and a little body, divided the country into two regions. Vietnam's early contacts with Europe were primarily forged through Catholic missionaries, particularly Jesuits, who arrived inafter they had been prohibited from entering Japan.
France, as the most powerful of Catholic nations in the seventeenth century, was especially active in supporting these religious endeavors, through the Societe des Missions Etrangeres.
Alexandre des Rhodes, a French Jesuit, along with some of his Portuguese colleagues, was instrumental in creating a new system of writing, which was later adopted throughout Vietnam. This form of writing became known as quoc ngu —national language—and uses the Latin alphabet to transcribe phonetically the Vietnamese spoken language.
This system was adopted throughout Vietnam in the beginning of the twentieth century.
Through the work of missionaries, the French gained influence in Vietnam long before the arrival of a single French soldier or administrator. When a peasant rebellion, known as the Tay-son, reunified the country in under the rule of a rebel leader who had himself proclaimed emperor, the surviving heir of the southern Nguyen family, Nguyen Anh, sought the assistance of France.
Because of the revolution in France, this claimant to the throne received only token French ships and volunteer troops that nonetheless helped him reestablish himself at Saigon in The French also constructed forts for him and trained his troops, which contributed to Nguyen Anh's success in taking control of the entire country by Nguyen Anh's son, the Emperor Minh-mang, facilitated a revival of the Confucian religion to reestablish order in the country and to support his own position as an emperor.Its impact will last a generation.
the day of the widespread Moratorium protests against the Vietnam War. (AP) as “We Shall Overcome” had been the hymn of the civil rights movement.
The Vietnam War was a Cold War military conflict that occurred in Southeast Asia Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia that began in and ended in April The war was between communist North Vietnam. Dylan's anti-war songs, such as Masters of War, were more general than specific about Vietnam.
Transcript of Vietnam War: US involvement and the Media Influence The War in Vietnam How might a student think of a modern war? Containment and the Domino Theory The War at Home Epilogue The Vietnam War was one of the first to be broadcast on American television. In the early hours of 31st January , 70, North Vietnamese soldiers, together with guerrilla fighters of the NLF, launched one of the most daring military campaigns in history. The Tet Offensive was the real turning point in the Vietnam War. On its. Opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War began with demonstrations in against the escalating role of the U.S. military in the Vietnam War and grew into a broad social movement over the ensuing several years. This movement informed and helped shape the vigorous and polarizing debate, primarily in the United States, during the second half of the s and early s .
Escalation By , as the US began to escalate its military presence in Vietnam, the folk protest movement began to shift its focus, with singers like Joan Baez joining in the protest. The Vietnam War in Popular Culture: The Influence of America's Most Controversial War on Everyday Life [2 volumes]: The Influence of America's Most Controversial War on Everyday Life - Kindle edition by Ron Milam.
Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Vietnam War 5/5(1).
In , after the Vietnam War had been active for nearly ten years, Kennedy’s successor, Lyndon B. Johnson, initiated a strong escalation of the American involvement in Vietnam.
By , there were massive anti-Vietnam War marches, protests, sit-ins and student strikes in major cities and on college and university campuses across the country. This essay delves deeply into the origins of the Vietnam War, critiques U.S.
justifications for intervention, examines the brutal conduct of the war, and discusses the antiwar movement, with a separate section on protest songs.